Today we’re going to learn about personal pronouns.
The ones mentioned in this post work as the subject of the sentence most of the time, though they can also be used in different and more complex sentence structures. We will learn about that in the future.
As you can see in the picture, the Spanish personal pronouns are:
- Yo (I)
- Tú (You, singular)
- Él (He)
- Ella (She)
- Vosotros/Vosotras (You, plural)
- Ellos/Ellas (They)
There are a few things worth mentioning when talking about the Spanish personal pronouns:
Tú vs. Vosotros
Different words are used to talk about one person vs. a group of people in which the speaker is not included.
- Tú eres listo ➡ You, one persone, are smart.
- Vosotros sois listos ➡ You, a group of people, are smart.
Accent marks are very important in Spanish and they can completely change the meaning of a word.
- «Tú» means «you», but «tu» means «your»
- «Él» means «he», but «el» means «the»
This happens with all words, not only with personal pronouns, so keep it in mind when learning new vocabulary!
Men vs. women
Different pronouns are used when you’re talking about a group of men and a group of women. This doesn’t include «yo» nor «tú«, and it’s easy to tell the difference between «él» and «ella» since this difference also exists in English (he/she)
When you talk about men, you use the pronouns that end with -os.
➡ Nosotros (we, a group of men)
➡ Vosotros (you, a group of men)
➡ Ellos (they, a group of men)
When you talk about women, you use the pronouns that end with -as.
➡ Nosotras (we, a group of women)
➡ Vosotras (you, a group of women)
➡ Ellas (they, a group of women)
Whan happens when there’s a group of both, men and women? In those cases, the form with -os is preferred. It’s called «masculino genérico» (generic masculine) meaning that when a group is mixed, masculine pronouns, articles and adjective forms must be used.
Do you have any questions about this topic? Let me know in the comments!